Himachal is known as the state of Beautiful places. Everyone comes here to visit those places. Enjoy the beautiful glimpse of the dusk and dawn scenes there. Besides all these artifacts Himachal Pradesh also famous for many other things like Flora and Fauna too. In Himachal Pradesh, there is a very big source of these things also. As nearly 27 of the forest area of India found in Himachal, which directly points to the fact there must be a huge source of Plants and Animals there. This thing brings many Wildlife loving people to Himachal just to see these species of plants and animals.
There are nearly 3295 species of plants and 5721 animal species are found on the beautiful land of Himachal Pradesh. The reason behind such a huge flora fauna found in Himachal are the Tropical forests and the climate found in the state. The climate supports the flora most there. As you come to see that the rainfall is mostly seen at the times when it is needed. This climate support many species of plants to grow easily like cedar, pine, oak, for, birch, alder, etc. The State plant of Himachal, Rhododendron also beautifies the forests with its beautiful outlook. And the green grass found there is the best for the walk in the morning.
As it is so refreshing to the mind and as well as to the body. Besides flora, this climate also soothes the animals to that’s why the number of fauna also quite high. There are many rear bird species found only in Himachal, that you are not going to see easily in India or even in the world. One of such rare species of bird that only found in Himachal nowadays is “Jujurana“, known as the king of birds in the western Himalayas. With rare varieties of birds, there are rare varieties of animals too. We are going to talk about wildlife today and about flora, we will try to put one more article next time.
So, let’s start with the topic. Himachal has a very wide resource of wildlife. There are many unique and incredible species found here. There are nearly 32 wildlife sanctuaries, 2 National Parks, and 3 game reserves found in Himachal where mainly you come to see all the species that are found in Himachal. You come to find some of these sanctuaries or parks near the tourism places. That’s the biggest advantage to the visitors who come to Himachal. They will be able to enjoy the two beautiful things at the one. Some of such beautiful sanctuaries and parks found in Himachal are:
1. Sites near trekking spots:
Pin Valley national park in Spiti Valley (conserve the endangered species named Snow leopard and Siberian Ibex).
Dharangati Sanctuary is situated in Rampur Bushar, Shimla (common animal species found here are Musk, Deer, Goral, and Thar).
Kalatop-Khajjiar sanctuary found at Kalatop-khajjiar, Chamba (The sanctuary is famous for Pheasants, serow, and black bear).
Majathal Sanctuary is situated on the steep and rugged terrain of the Solan District (There is a very large population of endangered species of animals found here such as Cheer Pheasant and gorals, etc).
2. Sites found near the camping areas:
Maharana Pratap Sagar Sanctuary, sanctuary is situated in the Pong area of District Kangra. The sanctuary is known as Pong Dam sanctuary. The sanctuary is famous for the birds and ducks. Some of the birds found in the sanctuary are Gurkhas, plovers, terns, red-necked grebes, etc. The species of duck found there is named Siberian Duck.
Chail Sanctuary is situated in Chail Hill Station. The major species of animals found here are sambar, goral, cheer peasants, and kalijin. You will also be able to find the Barking Deers during dusk and dawn. The sanctuary has a total area coverage of 110 sq km. This is considered one of the biggest wildlife sanctuary in Himachal.
Simbalbara National Park is situated in the Ponta Valley of Sirmour District. The sanctuary shares its border with Haryana as it is on the edge of Himachal Pradesh. You come to see dense sal forests here. The Park was started in the year 1958 as a sanctuary, but with the increase in the area cover and species, the sanctuary was converted to a park. The common species found here are Goral, Sambhar, and Chittal.
3. Sites near safari areas, which you enjoy the most
Renuka Sanctuary, one of the natural sanctuary found in the Sirmour district of Himachal. The sanctuary has well connected to the road facility. The sanctuary also is known as Renuka Reserve Forest. The sanctuary has a forest cover area of 4 sq km and 3 sq km of the extra area considered as buffer area stand outside the sanctuary.
Shri Naina Devi Sanctuary, Located in the Bilaspur district of Himachal. The wildlife is the home to many animal species like Jackals, Leopards, Serow, and many others. The sanctuary has provided all the transport facilities. You will be able to live there in the nearby hotels that surround the sanctuary.
Pin Valley National Park, located in the Spiti valley of Lahaul-Spiti District. The site is also a very good safari spot as it has a well-connected road facility. The place is covered by snow all around.
Besides all these highlighted Sanctuaries and parks, there are many other such beautiful places found here.
The Great Himalayan National park:
The National park is located in the Kullu District of Himachal. The park was established in the year 1984 and covers an area of 1174 sq km in total. More than 375 species of Fauna are found in the park from which 31 are mammals, 181 are birds, 3 are reptiles, 9 are amphibians, 11 are annelids, 17 are mollusks, and 127 are insects.
These are some of the best places to visit in Himachal if you are very much fascinated by wildlife.