The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation.
The organization formally comes into existence on 24 October 1945, with 51 Countries Considered founding members. To date, the membership of the United Nation grows up to 193 Countries.
The latest Countries is South Sudan in Africa these countries join in July 2011. the UN, with offices in 193 countries and 37,000 employees, is the world’s largest universal multilateral international organization.
If you think! That it’s a world government? Then you are wrong. Government represents their Country and people. The untied national represents neither a particular government nor any nation. It represents all its members and does only what the member state decides that it should do.
Rules or Principles of United Nation
There is a set of rules or principles that guides the UN follows it,
The Charter of the United Nation is the founding documents of the United Nations. It was signed on 26 June 1954, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the International Organization and came on 24 October 1954. The Charter of the United Nation is a set of guidelines that explains the rights and duties of each member of the Country represents and what needs to be done to achieve the goals they have set for themselves. When a nation becomes a member of the United Nation, It accepts the aims and rules of the Charter.
Where did the name “United Nations” comes from?
The name “United Nations” was Suggested by united states president Franklin D. Roosevelt. It was Officially used in 1942. The idea of the united nations was born during (world war 2 in 1939-1945). World leaders who had collaborated to end the war felt a strong need for a mechanism that would help bring peace and stop future wars. They think that this was possible only if all nations worked together through a Global Organization.
Languages used at UN
The official languages used at united National are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. The working languages at the United Nations Secretariat are English and French.
The league of nations
The Forerunner of the UN was the League of Nations.it is also an International organization. This Organization Conceived during the first world war. Established in 1919 under the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles was like a charter document. League of nations to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and Security. But the League of nations Ceased its activates after failing to prevent the second world war.
The six organs of the UN
Five of them are
1 The General Assembly
2 The Security Council
3 The Economic and Social Council
4 The trusteeship Council
5 The secretariat
All are based at UN Headquarters in New York, and the sixth the International Court of Justice is located at the Hague in the Netherlands.
The General Assembly
The General Assembly is the main deliberative policymaking and representative organ of the UN.
There are 193 members represented in the General Assembly meeting held each year in September. And the best thing is that their Elects a G.A President each year and composed of representatives from all members states of which has one vote.
The security Council
This is under the charter; the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and securities. under the charter, all Member states are obligated to comply with Council decision.
Economic and Social Council
A founding UN Charter body established in 1946, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is the place where the world’s Eco-Social and environmental challenges discussed and debated, and policy recommendations issued.
The trusteeship Council was established to provide international supervision for 11 trust territories and to make sure that adequate steps were taken to prepare the Territories for self-government or independence.
International Court of justice
The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the UN. The Court is charged with settling legal disputes between States and giving advisory opinions to the UN and specialized agencies.
The UN Secretariat, consisting of staff representing all nationalities working in duty stations all over the world, carries out the day-to-day work of the Organization. The Secretariat services the other principal organs of the UN and administers the programmer and policies established by them.
SPECIALIZED AGENCIES OF UNITED NATIONS
FAO, IAEA, IMF, WMO, WHO, ILO, IMO, UPU ETC.
Content Writer:-Khushi Dubey